CECE means Common Times. Really combined with the Gregorian (Christian) diary. CE was a nonreligious label employed in the place of post, which represents Anno Domini and means a€?The 12 months of Our Lorda€?, a Christian-based reference to the start of Jesus(PBUH).

CoerceTo coerce (ko-URS) really means to making people take action by putting a whole lot force on it that they have little choices. Case in point, intimidating a person is a means to coerce him/her.

ColonizationEuropean powersa€”especially Britain, France, and so the Netherlandsa€”had control of almost every nations exactly where Muslims are the majority of the people today. The conditions happened to be Iran, poultry and Saudi Arabia. Over these three places, there were durable colonial shape, but there was no army conquest or profession. The period of European colonialism begun as at the start of the 1700s occasionally, such as for instance Republic of indonesia (colonized from Netherlands) and Indian (colonized by england). However, colonialism had the greatest influence during the 1800s and ahead of time 1900s.

HomophobiaHomophobia is about a a€?feara€? of homosexuality or prejudice against homosexuals.

MonarchA monarch are a ruler whoever straight to rule was hereditarya€”in additional phrase, actually inherited within a household. A ruling monarch might referred to as a king, personification, king, caliph, emir or another title. Typically, monarchies have number of controls on the energy. Today, some monarchies are effective and others were confined, discussing electrical power with elective representatives. Nations with monarchies right now range from the United Kingdom of good Britain, the land of Morocco and empire of Saudi Arabia.

Patriarchy/PatriarchalPatriarchy is a common process of coordinating community that tosses a good number of electric power in the hands of men, makes females and kids dependent upon men and determines heritage statutes that observe the male line.

Patriarchal happens to be an adjective that is used to spell it out any country that will be planned as a patriarchy. Patriarchal may also detail options, notions or any other systems that right (give positive aspect) or give capacity to guys.

PermissivePermissive is an adjective that suggests someone or collection is not all that strict about regulations or has principles which allow individuals to follow their unique wishes. It is almost always used in a bad strategy and signifies that the speaker system does not agree to your partner or peoplea€™s treating principles.

PrejudicePrejudice often concerns a damaging idea anyone or individuals keeps about someone or collection, based on a judgement had unfairly or without sufficient details. Eg, a bad perception about a complete people is definitely a prejudice because it entails a judgement earned about the members of the group with no knowledge of sufficient about every one for making that judgement.

SexismSexism are a kind of prejudice and discrimination based upon a persona€™s intercourse or gender.

SlaverySlavery is definitely talked about when you look at the Qura€™an though the Qura€™an cannot promote slavery. In fact, they demands compassionate treatments for slaves and emphasizes clearing servants. But will render some principles concerning slaves because slavery is a real an element of community at the time the Qura€™an got prepared. The bondage that actually existed from inside the Prophet Muhammada€™s night was totally different within the more recent slavery of Africans by European states plus the U . S .. Servants in the time of the Prophet Muhammad happened to be prisoners of combat, who’d the legal right to earn their liberty and could end up being freed in the event that political situation replaced. That they had proper and comprise handled as humankinda€”however, these were humankind at the base of the cultural a€?ladder.a€?



Dr. Scott Siraj Al-Haqq Kugle happens to be a mentor at Emory school. He or she shows about Islamic tradition, theology and values. On the topic of sex and sexuality, Dr. Kugle has written:

„residing Out Islam: comments of Gay, Lesbian and Transgender Muslims“ (ny: nyc school media (December 2013).

„Homosexuality in Islam: Essential Reflection on Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Muslimsa€? (Oxford: Oneworld Magazines, 2010).

a€?AIDS, Homosexuality and Muslimsa€? co-authored with Sarah Chiddy, in Farid Esack (ed.), As soon as Sin is Widespreada€”AIDS, values and Justice in Islam (Oxford: Oneworld, 2008).

a€?Sexual range in Islama€? in Vincent Cornell, Gray Henry and Omid Safi (eds.), Sounds of Islam, quantity 5 (ny: Praeger hit, 2007).

a€?Sultan Mahmuda€™s Make-Over: Colonial Homophobia and Persian-Urdu Poeticsa€? in Ruth Vanita (ed), Queering India: same-sex adore and eroticism in British traditions and environment (New York: Routledge, 2001).


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